Diwali The Festival Of Lights

 Have you ever wondered, why India is known for their festivals? How much do you know about the festivals of India? What are the things people do while celebrating festivals? Let's have a look here!!

India is greatly known for their different kinds of cultures, religions, traditions, and the most important one, the different kinds of festivals. A versatile variety of the things like:-

The different kinds of dances performed by the people.

The different kinds of sweets made by the people, according to the different occasions.

The different kinds of clothes worn by different people, according to their culture.

So here, Let's talk about India's most favorable festival of light- DIWALI.

What is Diwali?

Diwali is majorly known as "Deepavali" or "Divali". It can be celebrated for up to five days in India by different peoples according to their religions like Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Jain, and many Buddhists. It is also known as the festival of light because on this day, many Hindus were seen lighting small oil lamps called 'Diya's' in the prestige of Goddess Laxmi, who is known for good wealth, knowledge, and fortune.

Different meanings of Diwali

India is widely known for it's different culture. Different people have different views we asked them about the meaning of diwali. According to ancient hindu mythology, Diwali is majorly known as "the festival of light" because on that day, there is the triumph of truth over lie or the triumph of lightness over darkness.

People from north india, who follow a religious book "Ramayana" states that, on this day Lord rama or Bhagwan rama (existence of Lord Vishnu) made a bridge of rock, and on the top of every rock there was a title mentioned "JAI SHREE RAM" which helps them to made a bridge easily. After entering in Lanka Lord Rama defeated an evil king of Lankeshwar Ravana, and save his bride Sita.

According to the western people, they celebrate their new year on the fouth day of Diwali (Goverdhan puja) according to the Indian calendar.

How can we celebrate Diwali?

According to ancient mythology, Diwali or Deepavali can be celebrated up to five days in India. Let's talk about each day thoroughly:-

DAY 01 (DHANTERAS):- The first day is anciently known as Dhanteras. On this day, many people go to the market and buy new clothes, jewelry, utensils, and many new things. After buying, people do some rituals to celebrate the arrival of Goddess Laxmi in their house. On this day, the elder ones in the house touch the feet of the older ones to receive some blessing for a healthy and successful life.

DAY 02 (CHOTI DIWALI):- According to Hindu mythology, this day is known for the defeat of the demon king Narkasur while he fought against lord Krishna. On this day, Lord Krishna beats demon king Narkasur, and this shows the triumph of truth over lie or the triumph of lightness over darkness. On the behalf of that, people will light up some candles and oil lamps to celebrate Lord Krishna's victory. This day is also known as "kali chaudas".

DAY 03 (THE MAIN DAY- DIWALI):- The third day is the most important day of the festival of light (Diwali or Deepavali). On this day, people go to the markets and buy well-designed small statues of Goddess Laxmi, Lord Ganesh, Lord Shiv, and Goddess Saraswati made up of clay-type soil ( which is basically used to make statues ). According to ancient mythology, They also buy some toys, which are made up of sugar.

After that, all the members of a family succeeding in wearing the new clothes gathered at a designated place to perform some rituals with these statues and toys. The older member of a family put some garland on these statues, also put some tika's on the head part of the statues and joined both the hands in front of the statues to pray for wealth and good fortune to the family. This whole ritual can be performed by each member of the family and after that, the elder ones touch the feet of the older ones to earn a lot of blessings for a healthy and successful life. The women as well as men of a family light up their whole house with oil lamps (diya's) and candles. After completing all the rituals, people visit each other's homes and give diwali sweets and give/take some blessings (ashirwad). Many of the people light up crackers in the night sky and lightning the whole sky. But now, crackers are banned by the Government of India to avoid pollution and save animals like birds, dogs, etc.

DAY 04 (GOVERDHAN PUJA):- On this day, The older women (Dadi Maa) of a family as well as men's also asked to borrow some cow dung to make a horizontal statue of "Goverdhan Maharaj". According to hindu mythology, Lord Krishna holds Goverdhan hill (which situated in Mathura) on his little finger to provide shed to people from heavy rain. After making that statue, the men of a family in the evening start the rituals one man holding a small cylindrical utensil with a paan leaf inside and the rest of the ones holding some blooms ( kheel ) in their hands. Then, they start taking some 5 to 7 rounds of that horizontal statue and throw some bloom onto the statue. After completing that, both men and women in a family perform some rituals, and in the end, the older women (Dadi Maa) of a family give some prasad to all the members.

DAY 05 (BHAI DOOJ):- This day is considered the last day of Diwali. On this day, all the brother's sisters come to their home to perform some ritual known as "tilak". This day is almost the same as the day of Raksha Bandhan, in which sisters come to their brother's home to tie the rakhi around their wrist, and in return, the brother has to give some gifts to the sister. But in Diwali's Bhai Dooj, the sister simply puts a tilak on the forehead of her brother, and in return.


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